'''Ivan Sergeyevich Turgenev''' (;
[[http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/turgenev "Turgenev"]. ''Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary''.]
; September 3, 1883) was a Russia
n novelist, short story
writer, and playwright.
His first major publication, a short story collection entitled ''A Sportsman's Sketches
'' (1852), was a milestone of Literary realism|Russian Realism
, and his novel ''Fathers and Sons (novel)|Fathers and Sons
'' (1862) is regarded as one of the major works of 19th-century fiction.